Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS) - Overview

What is PMS?

Mood swings, fatigue, tender breasts, weight gain, food cravings… what runs common through these problems is that they affect some women only few days before their monthly period. Yes, this combination of emotional and physical disturbances that women experience before the monthly period is collectively termed as premenstrual syndrome (commonly known as PMS).


Premenstrual syndrome commonly affects women between their late twenties and early forties. Almost 75 to 80 % of women experience premenstrual syndrome and it is moderate to severe in almost 20 to 30% of all women. The symptoms can be sufficiently severe to interfere with some aspects of life.

A severe form of PMS is known as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and this affects about 2-6% women. PMDD leads to significant loss of functions due to unusually severe symptoms. Medical treatment, lifestyle changes, exercise, nutrition, and support from family and friends can help patients to deal effectively with this disorder.


Causes of PMS.

The exact cause of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) has not been understood though it has been largely attributed to the fluctuating levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The levels of these hormones alter in preparation of the menstruation and this is a normal phenomenon. However, the alteration brings along with itself a host of symptoms that constitute the premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Another causative factor that is proposed is the alteration of the levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a chemical (neurotransmitter) that plays a crucial role in mood states. Lower levels of serotonin lead to feelings of sadness, depression, fatigue food cravings, sleep changes, etc.


Stress has also been seen to worsen certain cases of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) but it may not be likely to be the sole reason for the PMS.


Drinking alcohol and caffeinated beverages, (that can cause mood changes), taking excess of salty foods (that cause fluid retention), etc. may also worsen the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS).


Homeopathic Treatment

Safe and sure way to strong, healthy hair


A randomized controlled double-blind clinical trial was conducted in the gynecology department at Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem to assess the efficacy of homeopathic treatment in premenstrual syndrome (PMS). 20 women between the ages of 20 to 40 years were a part of the study.

More than 30% improvement was seen in 90% of the patients who had received homeopathy whereas only 37.5% of people who had received placebo reported similar kind of improvement. The patients had undergone two months baseline assessment and post-intervention follow-up for 3 months was also conducted. Thus, it has been clearly demonstrated that homeopathy can significantly help women suffering from premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

One of the main advantages of the treatment is that it is without any side effects and it is non habit-forming. Patients can conclude the treatment once they remain symptom-free for a few months with continued medication. Homeopathy is strongly suggested for all cases of premenstrual syndrome(PMS).